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COWI and Hasløv & Kjærsgaard just submitted their design on how to realise a new landscape park in the capital of Russia. A former dump is to be transformed into a park, which will act as a recreational landscape in a large urban development area, benefitting citizens and visitors of Moscow alike.
On the outskirts of Moscow, in the densely populated residential area of Nekrasovska, local residents and Moscow citizens and visitors can look forward to getting a brand new urban park in a few years. The local dump, covering an area of 165,000 m², will be transformed into a nature park.
Along with architectural firm Hasløv & Kjærsgaard, COWI has prepared the park design for the Russian Technical Society (RTS), which is part of the construction and property development company Morton Group. The two Danish companies were tasked with creating an attractive landscape that reflects the Scandinavian style in terms of aesthetics and quality.
Eva Sara Rasmussen, Project Manager and Architect at Hasløv & Kjærsgaard says:
"The nature park is part of a large-scale urban development project in the area, which will include an entire new district with residential areas, a church and a metro – and our client is keen to attract people to the park, from near and far. The Scandinavian style is known for its quality, so we've focused on creating a beautiful Nordic feel by applying simple and solid design solutions while respecting the unique features of the location. A key goal has been to ensure that the park becomes an attractive everyday park destination for local residents, while offering a number of special facilities that appeal to a very large catchment area."
One of the major challenges to transforming the dump into a nature park was the huge volumes of soil and construction waste present on site.
Niels Erik House, Project Manager with COWI's department of Waste and Contaminated Sites, explains:
"The precondition was that the existing soil etc. was to stay within the area. As a result, the final level of the park will be very high, so detailed calculations of stability and volume are required in order to plan the different elements in the park: paths, hills, plantation, retaining walls, building, lookout post etc.
At the same time, these height levels in the park gave us the possibility of developing one-of-a-kind solutions: The highest point in the park will be a lookout post that towers 50 metres above the natural ground level, offering a breath-taking 360-degree view of the eastern part of Moscow. In practice, the park will be a distinct landmark for the entire area."
Transforming the dump will also involve activities below ground to control and handle landfill gas. Houe says:
"Even though the quantity of gas is small, you still need to handle it, out of consideration for nearby homes and the park's users. Due to the relatively small quantity of gas, we have opted for cut-off gas collection trenches; drilling and cleaning of methane by means of compost beds, which is an increasingly popular method with Danish waste deposits."
By Charlotte Holm, firstname.lastname@example.org
Niels Erik Houe
Project Manager, Solid waste and contaminated sites, COWI
Tel.: +45 5135 7959
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