COFFEE FACTORY, VESTBY, NORWAY: The new coffee factory is the first factory in Norway built in solid timber. It is built in cross-laminated-timber (CLT) and glulam frame structures and includes a production building, warehouse, and packaging and delivery facilities. 1.280 solar panels are located on three sides of the factory building as part of the facade elements. A factory building with ceiling heights of up to 35 meters and a total area of 11.500 m² made of solid timber is challenging and a lot of time was spent on ensuring safe and risk-free installation during construction. Architect: Astrup & Hellern© Straye Gruppen
UNIVERSEUM SCIENCE CENTER, GÖTEBORG, SWEDEN: The Universeum’s mission is to stimulate young people’s thirst for knowledge and encourage them to get actively involved in science and technology. The main materials are wood, glass and concrete; all chosen with future recycling in mind. The building is to act as a model of good environmental practice in every possible way; its energy consumption is low and the energy used in its day-to-day running is, as far as possible, to be harnessed in the building itself. The vertical joints of the opaque glass screen are covered with wooden frames making the building appear all wood from the main approach. Architect: Wingårdhs© Åke Lindman
BJØLSTAD STUDENT HOUSING, NORWAY: The new student accommodation is constructed in solid timber in extension of the existing student housing. The u-shaped building contains single rooms as well as shared accommodation for eight people, organised around a common hallway. There are several common features such as a study and a common room, as well as outdoor sheds and bicycle parking. The project is a 5-storey CLT structure presenting exposed wood on the inside and on the facade. Architect: BAS Arkitekter© Erik Burås
ÅSVEIEN SCHOOL, TRONDHEIM, NORWAY: The school is a new primary school for the youngest pupils up to 7th grade. In addition to regular classrooms, the new school houses a sports hall, canteen and auditorium. The school is 11.000 m² with space for 630 children. Åsveien School is a FutureBuilt project aiming for a 50% reduction in CO₂ emissions. The project demonstrates an extensive use of timber and re-used materials. The school is a passive house and one of Norway’s most climate-neutral schools. Architect: Eggen Arkitekter© Eggen Arkitekter
KRINGSJÅ STUDENT HOUSING, OSLO, NORWAY: Kringsjå consists of two blocks of 9 to 11 floors with 349 student homes. The buildings are constructed as solid timber passive houses, which makes them almost energy-neutral and self-sufficient regarding heating and hot water. Kringsjå is a FutureBuilt project that has obtained an outstanding reduction in CO₂ emissions. The project includes climate measures such as solid timber CLT panels for the load-bearing structure, use of renewable energy (solar cells and geothermal heat), focus on local rainwater management, focus on choice of materials in relation to greenhouse gases and indoor climate, new pedestrian and bicycle paths and bicycle repair workshops. Architect: AT Plan & arkitektur© Tove Lauluten
ROMSDAL HIGH SCHOOL, MOLDE, NORWAY: The new Romsdahl High School is the largest school in Scandinavia built in solid timber. It has floorage of 12.000 m² and room for 950 pupils. The school is a business school and contains traditional class rooms in connection to special subject rooms as well as a new canteen. It is a passive house with an exposed timber structure on the inside and a wooden facade. The main purpose of the use of timber was to reduce the CO₂ emissions and to encourage the use of sustainable forestry in the construction industry. 11.000 trees, half a cubic metre each, for this construction project. The trees were used entirely – nothing was wasted. Architect: HUS arkitekter© Kjell Herskedal
FINANCIAL PARK, STAVANGER, NORWAY: The new SR-Bank head office is a new landmark in Stavanger totalling 22.500 m². With seven floors above ground and three floors below, it is one of Europe’s largest commercial buildings built in timber. The main structure of the 13.500 m² over ground is made of timber. Concrete was used for the stabilizing staircases and the 9.000 m² underground structure. Facades are primarily glass structures and the roof is a green roof. The project is BREEAM Excellent certified. Architect: SAAHA + Helen & Hard© Sindre Ellingsen
OFFICE HEADQUARTER, DENMARK: The new office building will be one of the largest office buildings in Denmark built in timber. The building is constructed with a four-storey atrium supporting the unity and flexibility of the building. Timber beams and columns are chosen for the load-bearing structure including CLT panels at floor levels, which allows for a light-weight structure and a low carbon footprint from the building. All consultancy services including leading experts within timber construction are provided by COWI and Arkitema.
The past 20-30 years we have seen a greater demand for multi-storey timber buildings. With the development of solid wall and floor panels, e.g. made of cross-laminated timber (CLT), we can build higher and safer using timber. Now, buildings with load-bearing timber structures can be built in 8+ storeys.
The combination of modern timber technology and increased attention on environmentally friendly building materials have made timber structures more popular. A trend we expect to continue as national authorities are starting to set stricter requirements for the energy consumption in the construction phase, and as more developers and clients are asking for more sustainable alternatives.
All in all, thanks to its architectural, technical and environmental qualities, timber has the potential to become the preferred building material of this century.